Human Subjects Research
COVID-19 GUIDANCE: Please click here for guidance on safely conducting human subjects research during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The University of Arkansas is committed to ensuring that researchers use safe, ethical practices when engaging in human subjects research. In accordance with the federal regulations and the institutional policy on human subjects research, the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is responsible for the oversight of all Human Subjects Research (HSR). Where IRB approval is required by University policy or federal or state regulation, researchers must obtain approval prior to the inception of the project. Projects cannot be approved retroactively.
Human subjects research is defined as follows (click here for regulatory definitions):
- Research is a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge. Activities which meet this definition constitute research for purposes of this policy, whether or not they are conducted or supported under a program which is considered research for other purposes. For example, some demonstration and service programs may include research activities.
- Human Subject is a living individual about whom an investigator (whether faculty, staff, or student) conducting research: (1) Obtains information or biospecimens through intervention or interaction with the individual, and uses, studies, or analyzes the information or biospecimens; or (2) Obtains, uses, studies, analyzes, or generates identifiable private information or identifiable biospecimens.
If the activity you are planning is systematic investigation designed to contribute to or develop generalizable information and involves obtaining data through interaction with an or identifiable private information from a living individual, you are engaged in HSR. You must submit a protocol for review; investigators may not engage in HSR prior to submission and approval of the protocol. HSR is reviewed according to one of three categories into which it falls: Research Which is Exempt From IRB Review; Research Eligible for Expedited Review Procedures; and Research Which Must Be Reviewed At a Properly Convened Meeting of the IRB (Full Board).
45 CFR 46 - Protection of Human Subjects
University of Arkansas Policy and HSR Manual
Protocols must be submitted through the Streamlyne system. Log into Streamlyne using your university ID and password.
Submission and Deadlines
Submission deadlines vary according to the type of review required. The IRB Coordinator will make the final determination as to the type of review needed. You may make a preliminary determination based on a review of the Decision Charts available here: IRB Protocol Decision Charts.
- Exempt - Protocols which qualify for exemption may be submitted at any time. Barring unusual circumstances, results of the review will be provided within one week.
- Expedited - Protocols which qualify for Expedited Review are are due not later than 5:00 PM on Wednesday of each week. Protocols will be distributed to designated reviewers on Fridays. Reviewers must provide a response within one week. Investigators will be notified of review results within three days of receipt of results by the IRB coordinator. Protocols which miss the deadline will be held until the following week for distribution.
- Full Board - Protocols which require review at a convened meeting of the IRB must be received at least seven business days prior to the meeting. Protocols will be distributed to the IRB members five days prior to the meeting date. Investigators will be informed of review results within three days.
Data Use Agreements
All data use agreements (DUA) must be sent to the IRB Coordinator with your completed Project Protocol Form. The DUA must be reviewed and approved by the Director of Research Compliance. A copy of the signed agreement will be forwarded to you for your records.
Resources for Investigators
The current IRB roster can be found here.
IRB Spring Meeting Schedule
The IRB meets monthly during the academic year with the possible exception of the month of December. Days and times may vary from semester to semester. Once your protocol has been scheduled for review, you will be notified of the location of the meeting.
Meetings will be held in MLKG 107 on the following dates:
- Wednesday, July 14 at 3 p.m.
- Thursday, August 12 at 9 a.m.
- Wednesday, September 8 at 3 p.m.
- Thursday, October 14 at 9 a.m.
- Wednesday, November 10 at 3 p.m.
- Thursday, December 9 at 9 a.m.
Resources for IRB Members
The University of Arkansas has joined Smart IRB, which streamlines the reivew and approval process for multisite research protocols involving members. Click here for more detais: Smart IRB
Researchers conducting projects sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) must complete training in the responsible conduct of HSR. Otherwise training is voluntary unless specifically required by the IRB. Either of the following training sites fulfills the requirements set forth by the NIH policy on required training.
Online training in the Responsible Conduct of Research is available through the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI). Investigators may log in using their university ID and password. At this time, training is voluntary. This is subject to change.
Online training is also available from the NIH Office of Extramural Research.
There is no charge to the trainee for either training activity.
Concerns about the conduct of human subjects research activities on the UA campus or by UA investigators can be addressed to the Chair, any member of the IRB, the IRB Coordinator or the Director of Research Compliance. Confidentiality requests will be honored to the extent allowed by the laws of the State of Arkansas and University policies. Individuals who have concerns about their rights as participants should contact the IRB Coordinator or other individual identified in the participant informed consent document. General questions can be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Please note that international students and scholars must comply with all terms and conditions of their current immigration status. Participation in any human subjects research study for compensation (e.g. cash, gift cards, etc.) meets the definition of "employment" for immigration purposes. Students may contact the Office of International Students and Scholars for assistance prior to participating in any compensated research study.
This applies only to students or scholars who are participating as research subjects. This does not apply to those who are themselves conducting research as part of their studies.
Contact IRB Program Staff
Director of Research Compliance
Iroshi (Ro) Windwalker
IACUC - October 8, November 12, and December 10 at 1:00 p.m.
IBC - October 14, November 11, and December 9 at 2:00 p.m.
IRB - January 10, February 14, and March 14 at 1:00 p.m.
Committee meetings will be conducted via Teams or Zoom until further notice