Animal Care and Use
The University of Arkansas endorses and supports the responsible use of animals in research and teaching. Its Animal Care and Use policy (Fayetteville Policies and Procedures 701.0) is designed to ensure that animals are used in a humane, productive, and responsible fashion. Faculty, staff, and students must comply with all applicable provisions of the USDA Animal Welfare Act and Regulations, the PHS Policy on Humane and Use of Laboratory Animals, and other federal, state, and local regulations relating to the use of vertebrate animals in research, training and teaching activities.
Regulatory Agencies and Regulations
Responsibilities for ensuring compliance with Animal Welfare regulations are shared among three federal entities: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Their respective responsibilities are described in a Memorandum of Understanding (2011).
USDA APHIS is responsible for overseeing compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and Regulations which establish standards for the humane treatment of laboratory animals and registration/licensing procedures for institutions that breed, sell, transport, hold and use such animals. APHIS Veterinary medical officers or other suitably trained persons periodically inspect institutions for compliance. Serious incidents of noncompliance may result in civil penalties, "cease and desist orders," and confiscation of animals.
OLAW implements the PHS Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. The PHS policy implements the Health Research Extension Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-158) and is based on the U.S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals in Testing, Research, and Training. Institutions receiving funding from PHS agencies must have an approved Animal Welfare Assurance on file with OLAW. The Assurance describes the institution's program for complying with the PHS policy. Potential sanctions for continued, uncorrected incidents of noncompliance can be found in the NIH Grants Policy Statement, Part II.”
The FDA enforces the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. 21 CFR 58, Good Laboratory Practice for Nonclinical Laboratory Studies, establishes standards for nonclinical studies involving the use of animals as follows:
Compliance is assessed through an active program of periodic inspections carried out by trained inspectors. Serious incidents of noncompliance may result in consequences ranging from study rejection to laboratory disqualification.
The FDA also implements the Schedules of Controlled Substances.
Policies and Principles
- University of Arkansas Policy 701.0 - Animal Care and Use - the policy of the University of Arkansas regarding animal care and use. It applies to research, training, and teaching activities involving live, vertebrate animals conducted at the university, or by university faculty, staff, or students.
- University of Arkansas Animal Welfare Assurance (#A3878-01), Expiration Date 02/28/2022. The assurance applies to all research, research training, experimentation, biological testing, and related activities involving live vertebrate animals and supported by the Public Health Service (PHS), the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) or the National Science Foundation (NSF).
- U. S. Government Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals Used in Testing, Research, and Training
- Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8th ed.
- USDA Animal Care Policy Manual
- Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching, 3rd Edition, 2010 (FASS)
- Field Studies
- For mammals: Guidelines of the American Society of Mammalogists for the Use of Wild Mammals in Research, American Society of Mammologists, 2011
- For birds: Guidelines to the Use of Wild Birds in Research, The Ornithological Council, Washington, DC, 3rd ed., 2010
- For amphibians and reptiles: Guidelines for the Use of Live Amphibians and Reptiles in Field and Laboratory Research. Joint publication of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, The Herpetologists' League, and Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 2nd Ed., 2004.
- For fishes: Guidelines For the Use of Fishes in Research. Joint publication of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, American Fisheries Society, and American Institute of Fisheries Research Biologists. Fisheries, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 16-23, 1988
- What NIH investigators need to know about Vertebrate Animals
- Searching for alternatives to the use of laboratory animals
- Using Grimace Scales to Assess Pain in Rodents
- OLAW Seminar - Resources for the 3Rs The 3Rs represent guiding principles for the humane use of animals in scientific research.
Replace the use of animals with alternatives wherever possible.
Reduce the number of animals used to the minimum necessary to obtain statistically valid results.
Refine the experiments to minimize animal pain and distress.
- OLAW Seminar - Meeting Requirements for Alternatives Searches
- Diseases of Research Animals. This website includes relevant information pertaining to diseases in research animals, including incidence; transmission; clinical signs; pathology; and diagnosis. Note: The IACUC Program Manager or IACUC Veterinarian must be notified immediately if an animal is showing signs of illness)
- Farm Animals in Biomedical Research - ILAR Journal 36(2), 1994
- Importation of Animals or Animal Products - CDC
- U.S. Fish & Wildlife agency permits
Investigators should submit both a signed hard copy and an electronic copy to the IACUC Program Manager.
- Animal Use Protocol (AUP) Forms (updated 02/14/2018) Download this Form (.docx) Download this Form (.pdf)
- Request for Modification to Approved AUP (updated 03/12/2018) Download this Form
- Prevent or Minimize Delays in Protocol Approval Download this Form
- Request for Personnel Modification to Approved AUP (updated 04/30/2018) Download this Form
Protocols must be received at least seven (7) working days prior to the next scheduled IACUC meeting in order to be reviewed during that meeting.
Occupational Safety and Health Program
The University maintains an occupational health and safety program for all individuals (employees, students, and guests) conducting vertebrate animal research funded by PHS or conducted in PHS covered animal facilities. Participation is mandatory. Prior to beginning working with animals, individuals must download and complete the Animal Worker Health Screening Questionnaire then submit it to the Pat Walker Health Center and receive clearance to begin working with the animals. Instructions for submission and payment are available on the form. Please note that all workers will be required to wear personal protective clothing , at a minimum a lab coat or jacket, while working in the facility. The reviewing physician may also require or recommend additional personal protective gear for individuals with specific health risks.
All researchers, staff and students named on an AUP must complete training through the Collaborative Institutional Training Intitiative (CITI). Log in through the University of Arkansas Fayetteville using your university ID and password. At a minimum, everyone must complete the module titled "Working with the IACUC." Those working at the Central Laboratory Animal Facility (CLAF) or the Engineering Research Center (ENRC) must also complete the module titled "Post-Procedure Care of Mice and Rats in Research: Minimizing Pain and Distress."
You will receive immediate notification that you have completed the module(s). You are advised to print and save all notifications. The IACUC Program Manager will be informed automatically of all completions so you do not need to notify the IACUC of completion.
Several optional modules are available, e.g. animal care and handling, surgical procedures and other techniques specific to animal species used in research. You are encouraged to complete additional modules that are relevant to your research.
- Administration of Substances: A series of tutorials to assist research workers develop their skills in the administration of substances to laboratory rodents. Videos include, for example, handling and restraint, oral gavage, IP, IM, and SC injection.
- Aseptic Technique in Rodent Surgery: A comprehensive guide to help research workers apply best practice in aseptic surgical techniques in laboratory rodents.
Institutional Animal Care & Use Committee (IACUC)
The IACUC is responsible for ensuring compliance with the University's Policy on Animal Care and Use, as well as all applicable federal and state statutes and regulations. All research, training or teaching activities using vertebrate animals must be part of an approved Animal Use Protocol (AUP). AUPs are not required for agricultural teaching applications involving the non-stressful observation of farm animals, demonstration of judging techniques, demonstration of accepted farm management practices, or normal use of farm animals in production.
IACUC Meeting Schedule
The IACUC meets on the first Friday of each month in the conference room at MLKG, unless otherwise noted. Investigators who have submitted protocols for review are encouraged to attend so they may be available to address any questions or concerns IACUC members may have pertaining to their research. Since the IACUC cannot approve protocols without a quorum (50% +1) of voting members, meetings may occasionally rescheduled. Contact the IACUC Program Manager to confirm the meeting date and location.
Departures from the Guide
Reporting Animal Welfare Concerns
Any individual who has specific concerns that animals are not being used or treated in a humane and responsible manner by University faculty, staff, or students is encouraged to report such concerns to any member of the IACUC Program Staff (see below). The IACUC Chair, or other members of the IACUC appointed by the Chair, will investigate. If deficiencies are found, the IACUC will take whatever steps are necessary to ensure the safety and welfare of animals, and compliance with federal and state regulations and university policy on the care and use of animals in research, training and teaching activities.
Every effort will be made to protect the confidentiality, to the extent possible, of those reporting animal welfare concerns. Institutional members may not retaliate in any way against those reporting animal welfare concerns.
Contact ACU Program Staff
|Director, Research Compliance||Jason Ramage||108 MLKG
|IACUC Program Manager/CLAF Manager||Tina Poseno||AFLS A-42
|Attending Veterinarian||Kate Williams||AFLS A-42
|Animal Care Technician||Lane Vassar||AFLS A-42
|IACUC Chair||Craig Coon, Ph.D.||POSC O-211
RESEARCH COMPLIANCE ALERT
IACUC Meeting: Friday, June 7 at 2:30 p.m. in AFLS D-105. Deadline for submitting protocols for review at the meeting is at least seven (7) days prior to the meeting. All PI’s submitting a new AUP are welcome to attend the meeting in person to present or answer questions if they so wish.
IBC Meeting: Thursday, May 9 at 2:15PM in MLKG Room 107
IRB Meeting: Wednesday, May 8, at 12:00 in MLKG 107.